Posts Tagged ‘Conservation Agriculture’

Agronomists learn precision-conservation agriculture

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Asia, Conservation Agriculture

By M.L. Jat and Tripti Agarwal /CIMMYT

Wheat agronomists in India learned about precision-conservation agriculture and received the tools to continue their education at a workshop in November.

Nearly 40 participants attended “Precision-Conservation Agriculture for Improving Wheat Productivity in South Asia,” which was organized by CIMMYT, the Directorate of Wheat Research (DWR) and the International Plant Nutrition Institute – South Asia Program (IPNI), with support from the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). The workshop was held 26 to 27 November at the DWR in Karnal, India.

Agronomists receive GreenSeeker training at a DWR field. Photo: RK Sharma, DWR

Agronomists receive GreenSeeker training at a DWR field. Photo: RK Sharma, DWR

Attendees represented nine of the All India Coordinated Research Centres on Wheat and Barley Improvement (AICRCW&BI) located in different state agricultural universities as well as CIMMYT, IPNI, three Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) institutes, the State Department of Agriculture in Karnal and the Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK). The goal of the workshop was to train scientists in blending precision and conservation agriculture, an important strategic initiative of the CGIAR Research Program on Wheat (WHEAT), said M.L. Jat, senior cropping systems agronomist for CIMMYT.

China: Farmers benefit from knowledge transfer

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Asia, Conservation Agriculture

By Jack McHugh /CIMMYT

A conservation agriculture demonstration site and informal farmer field school opened recently in northern China, raising awareness about useful new technology among farmers and other stakeholders. Organizations in Wuzhong City, Ningxia, – including CIMMYT, the Ningxia Academy of Agricultural and Forestry Sciences, Ningxia Bei Li Feng Zhongye Seed Company, the Wuzhong City and Litong District Agricultural Technology Promotion Centre, the Qingdao Peanut Machinery Manufacturing Company and the villagers of Litong District – are working together to build an innovation platform (IP). The IP will aim to transfer knowledge and technology to improve agronomic practices of the farmers in the district and beyond. “We hope to develop champion farmers who will share their knowledge with others and thus provide valuable feedback to the community of practice associated with the platform,” said Jack McHugh, a CIMMYT cropping systems agronomist based in China.

Demonstration sites showcase conservation agriculture in Ethiopia

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Africa, Conservation Agriculture

By Moti Jaleta/CIMMYT

Farmers discuss their experiences with conservation agriculture technologies. Photo: Moti Jaleta

Farmers discuss their experiences with conservation agriculture technologies. Photo: Moti Jaleta

Farmers showcased the benefits of conservation agriculture in retaining soil moisture, reducing erosion and improving organic matter during field demonstrations in Ethiopia last week. The demonstrations were hosted by the Conservation Agriculture and Smallholder Farmers in Eastern and Southern Africa (CASFESA) project in Jabitehnan and South Achefer Districts.

The project, which is funded by the European Union International Fund for Agricultural Development, aims in part to show that conservation agriculture is sustainable and profitable, through demonstrations in randomly-selected villages in several African countries. Each conservation agriculture demonstration plot in 28 villages was visited by neighboring farmers in the last two months, raising awareness about the technology. The farmers’ field day and endof- season field evaluation were held during 9-10 November for farmers hosting conservation agriculture demonstrations, as well as extension and development agents in the demonstration villages and researchers from CIMMYT and the Amhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute. Other attending included delegates from the Amhara Region Bureau of Agriculture, Amhara Seed Enterprise, Merkeb Multipurpose Marketing Cooperative Union, the Jabitehnan and South Achefer District Office of Agriculture and the West Gojjam Zone Administration and Agriculture Office.

Trees keep Ethiopia’s wheat cool and productive

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Africa, Conservation Agriculture

By Frédéric Baudron/CIMMYT

Researchers with CIMMYT’s Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) in Ethiopia have found that use of agroforestry systems involving an indigenous tree could mitigate climate change effects in Ethiopian smallholder wheat systems. Specifically, their study showed that maximum temperatures under the canopy of Faidherbia albida, a nitrogen-fixing, acacia-like species found throughout African savannas, were constantly 4 to 5°C lower than temperatures outside the canopy.

Wheat grows under the canopy of F. albida around mid-October in Mojo area, Ethiopia.

Wheat grows under the canopy of F. albida around mid-October in Mojo area, Ethiopia.

By 2050, the maximum daily temperature in wheat-growing areas of Ethiopia is predicted to rise by 2 to 3°C. This could significantly reduce yields of wheat, a crop that accounts for 18 percent of Ethiopia’s cereal area and nearly a fifth of its cereal production. The crop is key to the food security and incomes of smallholder farmers who grow it. CIMMYT researchers are studying the effect of scattered trees that are currently common in farmers’ field.

Asia: Spreading conservation agriculture, developing researchers

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Asia, Conservation Agriculture, Training

By M.L. Jat, Tripti Agarwal and Promil Kapoor /CIMMYT

Asia can benefit from site-specific conservation agriculture solutions to face challenges such as diverse ecologies, soils, production systems and an expected 30- to 50-percent hike in food demand by 2020. To train young scientists on conservation agriculture-based crop management technologies and encourage wider adoption of these practices in Asia, CIMMYT and the Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA) held the fourth “Advanced Course on Conservation Agriculture: Asia” from 17 to 31 October at Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), the BISA location in Ludhiana.

Photo: Ram Dhan Jat/CIMMYT-Karnal

Photo: Ram Dhan Jat/CIMMYT-Karnal

The course was organized in collaboration with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and PAU, with support from the CGIAR research programs on WHEAT, MAIZE and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). Fifteen researchers from the national agricultural research systems and international agricultural research centers in Afghanistan, India and Iran attended.

Conservation agriculture machines brought to Afghanistan

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Asia, Conservation Agriculture

By Rajiv Sharma/CIMMYT

CIMMYT is taking the next step in bringing Afghanistan a much-needed intervention to improve wheat research and production, an official for the country said at a meeting last month. With support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR), CIMMYT-Afghanistan held the “Conservation Agriculture: Concept and Application” training event in Kabul from 28 to 29 October.

Photo: Rajiv Sharma/CIMMYT

Photo: Rajiv Sharma/CIMMYT

Conservation agriculture demonstration plot opens in Ethiopia

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Africa, Conservation Agriculture

By Frédéric Baudron/CIMMYT

Next time you are on the International Livestock Research Institute’s Addis Ababa campus, which hosts CIMMYT-Ethiopia, you can see the demonstration plot set up by the local Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP) team.

The GCAP-Ethiopia team stands in the demonstration plot. From left to right: Yodit Kebede, Ph.D. candidate; Michael Misiko, innovation scientist; Tesfaye Shiferaw, Ph.D. candidate; Dereje Tirfessa, research assistant; Frédéric Baudron, system agronomist; Hae Koo Kim, crop physiologist; and Elias Berta, project manager. Photo: Antenane Abeiy Ejigayehu

The GCAP-Ethiopia team stands in the demonstration plot. From left to right: Yodit Kebede, Ph.D. candidate; Michael Misiko, innovation scientist; Tesfaye Shiferaw, Ph.D. candidate; Dereje Tirfessa, research assistant; Frédéric Baudron, system agronomist; Hae Koo Kim, crop physiologist;
and Elias Berta, project manager.
Photo: Antenane Abeiy Ejigayehu

The plot has four treatments for wheat and maize: conventional tillage and flat planting, conventional tillage and bed planting, conservation agriculture and flat planting and conservation agriculture and bed planting. A two-wheel tractor was used for tillage, bed shaping and planting. The plot will serve as a demonstration and training site for CIMMYT partners and visitors. The plot is the first demonstration site at the office since it was opened in 1987.

Female-friendly seeder to boost conservation agriculture in Africa

Written by Corporate Communications on . Posted in Africa, Technology

By Frédéric Baudron/CIMMYT

Photo: Frédéric Baudron/CIMMYT

Photo: Frédéric Baudron/CIMMYT

A lightweight seeder designed for conservation agriculture could help households headed by women in eastern and southern Africa to adopt the technology. CIMMYT’s Farm Mechanization and Conservation Agriculture for Sustainable Intensification (FACASI) project is addressing declining farm power by delivering small mechanization to farmers. Femalerun households are particularly labor-constrained. They often don’t own or are not permitted to use draft animals and are among the last to access land preparation services, which severely affects yield.

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