Posts Tagged ‘CIMMYT’

Highlights from 2016 IWWIP Annual Meeting

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IWWIP 2015 Annual Meeting Participants. Photo: Kumarse Nazari/ICARDA

IWWIP 2015 Annual Meeting Participants. Photo: Kumarse Nazari/ICARDA

By Aziz A. Karimov

ILGAZ (CIMMYT) – The International Winter Wheat Improvement Program’s (IWWIP) 2015 achievements in developing improved winter wheat varieties for Central and West Asia were presented by IWWIP coordinators and Turkish collaborators during the program’s annual meeting in Ilgaz, Turkey.

New book details benefits of holistic approach to agricultural development in Mexico

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Foto: MasAgro

Foto/MasAgro

Luz Paola López

 

Mexico’s Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (SAGARPA) and CIMMYT are investing in the creation, development and strengthening of farmers and technicians by conducting research and development of new farmer technologies through the MasAgro project’s Take it to the Farmer extension strategy.

FAO has its finger on the ‘pulse’ when it comes to food security

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The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses.

The Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses.

Luz Paola López

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) has declared 2016 the International Year of Pulses under the motto “Nutritious seeds for a sustainable future.” Pulses, an annual leguminous crop yielding from one to 12 seeds (dry beans, kidney beans, dry peas, lentils and others), have been named by the FAO as essential in the fight for food security for their nutrient value and their key role in crop rotations through the ability to fix nitrogen.

From East Asia to South Asia, via Mexico: How One Gene Changed the Course of History

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Miriam Shindler

Norman Borlaug in the field teaching a group of young trainees. Photo: CIMMYT

Norman Borlaug in the field teaching a group of young trainees. Photo: CIMMYT

In 1935, Japanese scientist Gonjoro Inazuka crossed a semi-dwarf Japanese wheat landrace with two American varieties resulting in an improved variety, known as Norin 10. Norin 10 derived varieties eventually ended up in the hands of Norman Borlaug, beginning one of the most extraordinary agricultural revolutions in history. This international exchange of germplasm ultimately saved hundreds of millions of people from starvation and revolutionized the world of wheat.

The journey of semi-dwarf wheat from Japan to Mexico may have begun in the 3rd or 4th century in Korea, where short wheat varieties are thought to have originated. From East Asia, wheat breeders began to seek and utilize dwarfing genes to breed varieties with high yield potential, resistance to lodging and the ability to produce more tillers than traditional varieties.

The term Norin is an acronym for the Japanese Agricultural Experiment Station spelled out using Latin letters. From 150 centimeters (cm) that other varieties measured, Norin 10 reduced wheat plant height to 60-110 cm. The shorter stature is a result of the reduced height genes Rht1 and Rht2.

Video: Maize Lethal Necrosis Threatens Africa’s Food Security

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Brenda Wawa

Felister Makini, KALRO Deputy Director General (Crop System)

Felister Makini, KALRO Deputy Director General (Crop System)

Maize, one of Africa’s most important food crops, is under real threat because of maize lethal necrosis (MLN). The disease has adversely affected maize fields in Kenya and its neighbors (DR Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and South Sudan). There are fears that it is spreading rapidly across most maize-growing areas in the region, causing massive losses to both farmers and seed companies. Unless urgent measures are taken, it could get out of control and lead to a major food crisis in the region.

CIMMYT Farm Mechanization Project Attracts Wide Coverage by Ethiopian Media

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Seifu Mahifere

It is not often that conservation agriculture, the subject of numerous scholarly articles and dissertations, gets wide coverage from the mainstream media in Ethiopia.

It is thus remarkable that the media gave particular attention to a training event held last June at the ILRI-Ethiopia campus and organized by CIMMYT through the USAID-funded “Africa Research in Sustainable Intensification for the Next Generation” project (Africa RISING project, www.africa-rising.net). A focus of CIMMYT’s work in Ethiopia and other countries of East and Southern Africa is to improve smallholder farming practices by exploiting the synergies between small-scale mechanization and conservation agriculture.

Conservation Agriculture: Gateway for Productive and Sustain-able Cropping Systems

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CIMMYT and the Borlaug Institute for South Asia (BISA), under the aegis of the CGIAR Research Programs on WHEAT and Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), in close collaboration with Indian national agricultural research systems, are organizing Asia’s sixth annual advanced course on conservation agriculture (CA), to be held at BISA-CIMMYT, Ludhiana, India. More than 80 young male and female researchers from eight Asian countries have attended the course since it was first initiated in 2010 as a regional capacity building program.

Delegates from Bihar and Punjab, India, Visit CIMMYT

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Etienne Duveiller

B.S. Sidhu, Commissioner of Agriculture Government of Punjab, and Shri Dharmendra Singh, Director of Agriculture Government of Bihar, from 19-22 June visited CIMMYT headquarters in El Batán, where they were briefed by CIMMYT Director General Martin Kropff on the importance of food production and CIMMYT activities in South Asia.

Wheat Rust Expert Contributes to Resistance in Pakistan

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Monsif Ur Rehman, Amina Nasim Khan and Imtiaz Muhammad

Yue Jin and Pakistani wheat scientists score rust on seedlings at CDRI Murree glass house. Photo: Khilwat Afridi

Yue Jin and Pakistani wheat scientists score rust on seedlings at CDRI Murree glass house.
Photo: Khilwat Afridi

The Wheat Productivity Enhancement Program (WPEP) led by CIMMYT is providing leadership in the overall collaboration aimed at strengthening Pakistan’s own wheat rust surveillance activities and facilitating maximum synergies between Pakistan and international rust surveillance efforts.

Strengthening Results-based Management in the MAIZE and WHEAT CRPs

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Michelle Guertin

Recognizing the importance of managing for results and learning from experience, the MAIZE and WHEAT CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) have been taking steps to strengthen results-based management (RBM) within the CRPs. In the last several months, both CRPs held multiple participatory workshops (see details below) to develop theories of change (ToCs) for their diverse research areas. These ToCs map out how and why a given research area will lead to specific results. ToCs are often used as a framework for testing hypotheses, where evidence is collected to validate the pathway of change.

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) edits and publishes an internet periodical in blog format entitled “CIMMYT.” The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center is domiciled at Km. 45 Carretera México-Veracruz, Col, el Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C.P. 56237; phone + 52 (55) 5804-2004; www.cimmyt.org. Responsible Editor: Genevieve Renard. Reserved Right for Exclusive Use granted by the Mexican Copyright Office (valid in Mexico) no. 04-2013-091212312700-203. Responsible for updating this blog: Katelyn Roett, Km. 45 Carretera México -Veracruz, El Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México. C. P. 56150, México. Weekly update. © CIMMYT 2014.

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Copyright © 2014