Photo contest highlights Oaxacan agriculture

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First place winner of the photo contest “Mujeres innovando," Photo: Yashim Victoria Reyes C.

First place winner of the photo contest “Mujeres innovando,” Photo: Yashim Victoria Reyes C.

Luz Paola López

Oaxaca – In agriculture, extension agents are change agents: they intervene to bring about change in order to help improve the lives of farmers and their families.  They are critical to any extension program succeeding.

MasAgro’s annual Pacífico Sur Hub photo contest “A look at agriculture in Oaxaca” has documented the work of extension agents in the area since 2014. These photos show the field environment where extension agents work every day, by showcasing the agents’ daily work and life, as well as record farmers’ adoption of innovations, from their point of view.

CIMMYT India staff brainstorm steps to implement strategy

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Kropff with with CIMMYT Bihar staff. Photo: Anuradha Dhar

Kropff with with CIMMYT Bihar staff. Photo: Nynke Kropff-Nammensma/CIMMYT

By Anuradha Dhar

NEW DELHI — The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) Director General Martin Kropff presented the organization’s draft strategy with its unifying vision of ‘One CIMMYT’ at the staff session in the Delhi office during his India visit from 24 February to 3 March. Kropff highlighted that CIMMYT’s excellent scientific work, global presence, partnerships and people are its strengths. However, the organization needs to focus on engaging with new donors and increasing organizational effectiveness in the future.

US Embassy in Pakistan highlights hybrid maize seed production

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Pollination of maize. Photo courtesy of aip.cimmyt.org.

Pollination of maize. Photo courtesy of aip.cimmyt.org.

United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission Director John Groarke presented new varieties of maize seed to Pakistani research organizations and private-sector seed companies on 17 February at the National Agricultural Research Center in Islamabad, according to a US Embassy press release.

These varieties were developed by the Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP), a joint effort led by CIMMYT and supported by USAID, to jump-start the production of quality hybrid maize seed in Pakistan. The varieties distributed are resistant to drought and heat, have enhanced nutritional quality and increased tolerance to insect attacks and low soil nitrogen.

AIP for Pakistan is working to sustainably increase agricultural productivity and incomes in the agricultural sector through the promotion and dissemination of modern technologies/practices in the livestock, horticulture (fruits and vegetables) and cereals (wheat, maize and rice) sector. The $30 million initiative also collaborates with the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the World Vegetable Center (AVRDC), the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), the University of California – Davis and the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC).

Read the full press release here.

Educational video helps Kenya farmers learn benefits of drought-tolerant maize

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By Brenda Wawa

Actors celebrating a fruitful harvest thanks to drought-tolerant maize. Photo: Brenda Wawa/CIMMYT

Actors celebrating a fruitful harvest thanks to drought-tolerant maize. Photo: Brenda Wawa/CIMMYT

KOLA, Kenya (CIMMYT) – A new video aimed at raising awareness among farmers about high-yielding, drought-tolerant maize varieties is set for distribution in eastern Kenya ahead of the long rains that begin in March 2016. In the video, which was made by Michigan State University, farmers discuss the challenges of food scarcity related to poor maize seeds that wither because of moderate drought conditions prevalent in the area. The climate, coupled with poor agronomic practices, results in very low yields that cannot sustain households, the video shows.

“The actors are local farmers who are known and trusted,” said Charles Steinfield, a professor at Michigan State University (MSU), who led the project, which focuses on Kola village in Machakos County, about 62 kilometers East of Nairobi.

New Publications from CIMMYT Staff

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Is conservation agriculture a productive and profitable option in Zimbabwe? How does residue management and fertilizer change soil bacteria? Where will climate change have the greatest impact in Central America? These questions and more are explored in the latest research from CIMMYT scientists. Learn more about the publications below:

  1. 16S metagenomics reveals changes in the soil bacterial community driven by soil organic C, N-fertilizer and tillage-crop residue management. 2016. Chávez-Romero, Y.; Navarro Noya, Y.E.;  Reynoso-Martínez, S.C.; Sarria-Guzmán, Y.; Govaerts, B.; Verhulst, N.; Dendooven, L. Soil and Tillage Research, 159 : 1-8
  2. Agricultural innovations and food security in Malawi: gender dynamics, institutions and market implications. 2016. Mutenje, M.; Kankwamba, H.; Mangisonib, J.; Kassie, M. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 103: 240-248
  3. Are conservation agriculture (CA) systems productive and profitable options for smallholder farmers in different agro-ecoregions of Zimbabwe? 2016. Mupangwa, W.; Mutenje, M.; Thierfelder, C.; Nyagumbo, I. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems. In press
  4. Assessing high-impact spots of climate change: spatial yield simulations with Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer (DSSAT) model. 2016. Eitzinger, A.; Laderach, P.; Rodríguez, B.; Fisher, M.; Beebe, S.; Sonder, K.; Schmidt, A. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change. In press
  5. Assessment of inoculation methods to identify resistance to Fusarium crown rot in wheat. 2016. Erginbas-Orakci, G.; Poole, G.; Nicol, J.M.;  Paulitz, T.C.;  Dababat, A.A.; Campbell, K. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection. 123(1): 19-27

Knight of the Order of Agricultural Merit bestowed on WHEAT independent steering committee member

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Katie Lutz

John R. Porter on the top floor of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) building in Paris. Porter was honored as a Knight of the Order of Agricultural Merit at a ceremony on 1 March 2016 at the French Embassy in Denmark. Photo: John R. Porter

John R. Porter on the top floor of the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA) building in Paris. Porter was honored as a Knight of the Order of Agricultural Merit at a ceremony on 1 March 2016 at the French Embassy in Denmark. Photo: John R. Porter

John R. Porter of The University of Copenhagen, the Natural Research Institute of the University of Greenwich, UK, and member of the WHEAT Independent Steering Committee, was granted Knight of the French Order of Agriculture Merit at a ceremony on 1 March.

The Order of Agricultural Merit is awarded to those that have made extraordinary contributions to agriculture via research or practice. The Order, which was established in 1883 by France’s Ministry of Agriculture, is one of the most important recognitions awarded in the country.

Laser leveling bolstered in Pakistan

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By Imtiaz Hussain, Ansaar Ahmed and Amina Nasim Khan

LASER land leveler in use. Photographer: Ansaar Ahmed/ CIMMYT

Precision levelers are machines equipped with laser-guided drag buckets to level fields so water flows evenly into soil, rather than running off or collecting in uneven land. This allows much more efficient water use and saves energy through reduced irrigation pumping, compared to traditional land leveling which uses animal-powered scrapers and boards or tractors. It also facilitates uniformity in seed placement and reduces the loss of fertilizer from runoff, raising yields. Photo: Ansaar Ahmed/CIMMYT

 

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) teamed up with national partners under USAID-funded Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP), to build capacity and knowledge of laser leveling, which included training courses for the agriculture sector in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan.

Laser land leveling is a climate smart technique that enables the farmers to produce more crop from less irrigation water. In Pakistan, laser leveling was initiated in 1985 by On Farm Water Management Program (OFWM), Punjab province. An impact assessment study conducted by the Government of the Punjab in 2008 revealed that the technology can help farmers save 25 percent irrigation water and improve their yield by 12 percent (Source: Planning & Evaluation Cell, Department of Agriculture Punjab).

Recent publications from CIMMYT staff

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The latest research from CIMMYT staff features a look at the impact that climate change is having on agriculture and technology as well as an exploration of responses to drought and heat stress on wheat quality. Remember to stay current on new articles related to maize/wheat/conservation articles, CIMMYT journal articles, CIMMYT’s library acquisitions and related news at the Knowledge Center’s blog here!

ACI Motors weaving the future of reaper in Bangladesh

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Photographer: Md. Salahuddin /CSISA-MI/DE

Photographer: Md. Salahuddin /CSISA-MI/DE

By Md. Salahuddin, Mofazzal Hossain, Kafil Uddin and M. Shahidul Haque Khan

ACI Motors, a private sector company in Bangladesh and partner of the CIMMYT led Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia, Mechanization and Irrigation (CSISA-MI) project under a joint venture agreement (JVA), beefed up promotional efforts of the multi-crop reaper with a marketing event on Feb. 9.

CIMMYT-SARO showcase food security, nutrition technologies

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SADC researchers on tour at CIMMYT-SARO on-station experiments. They learned more about CIMMYT's breeding work and sustainable intensification strategy. Photographer: Johnson Siamachira/CIMMYT.

SADC researchers on tour at CIMMYT-SARO on-station experiments. They learned more about CIMMYT’s breeding work and sustainable intensification strategy. Photographer: Johnson Siamachira/CIMMYT.

By Johnson Siamachira and Christian Thierfelder

HARARE, Zimbabwe – Researchers from nine Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries took part in a regional training workshop on climate change vulnerabilities, impacts and adaptation at the University of Zimbabwe in February.

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) edits and publishes an internet periodical in blog format entitled “CIMMYT.” The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center is domiciled at Km. 45 Carretera México-Veracruz, Col, el Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C.P. 56237; phone + 52 (55) 5804-2004; www.cimmyt.org. Responsible Editor: Genevieve Renard. Reserved Right for Exclusive Use granted by the Mexican Copyright Office (valid in Mexico) no. 04-2013-091212312700-203. Responsible for updating this blog: Katelyn Roett, Km. 45 Carretera México -Veracruz, El Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México. C. P. 56150, México. Weekly update. © CIMMYT 2014.

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