MasAgro Offers Tortillas Made of Maize Hybrids in Highlands Workshop

Written by editor on . Posted in Maize, MasAgro, México, Training

Alberto Chassaigne

On 11 November 2014, representatives of Mexico’s highland maize value chain attended a workshop at CIMMYT headquarters in El Batán, Mexico. MasAgro- Maize Network partners, a representative from the milling industry and members of the MasAgro-Farmer team tested hybrid grains from the CIMMYT highlands maize genetic improvement program. Participants also analyzed parent lines of hybrids and measured the grain quality of two CIMMYT hybrids for dough and tortillas.

Workshop participants gather around a comal, used to make tortillas

Natalia Palacios (green hat, right), maize nutrition quality specialist, explained the process for defining grain quality and outlined dough and tortilla industry requirements.

The workshop was organized by Arturo Silva, leader of the MasAgro-Maize component, and Alberto Chassaigne, responsible for CIMMYT seed systems.

Principal researcher José Luis Torres and his colleague Carmen Bretón led a tour of trial plots, where workshop participants could see CIMMYT hybri and synthetic varieties for Mexico’s highlands. Breeding experts explained the origins of each material while participants examined the aspect of ears.

Ubaldo Marcos, CIMMYT maize seed production manager, presented seed production technology for six hybrids, as well as the differences between ear size and female parental seed, which are grown at densities of 65,000 and 75,000 plants per hectare.

Afterwards, there was a demonstration of artisanal nixtamalization to obtain dough from two CIMMYT hybrids. Natalia Palacios, maize nutrition quality specialist, explained grain quality and outlined dough and tortilla industry requirements. Tortillas were then made from the nixtamalized dough. A positive opinion from the representative of the dough industry was much appreciated.

The participants also estimated yields of the white and yellow hybrids evaluated as part of the MasAgro Highlands Network under low nitrogen, rain-fed and irrigated systems and the estimates were compared to real yield values. At the end, workshop participants concluded that MasAgro-Maize takes advantage of the crop’s genetic potential to boost maize yields in the highlands.

Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram was Presented with the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman 2015 Award, the Highest Honor Conferred on Overseas Indians

Written by editor on . Posted in Achievements & Awards

Suzanne Lundin-Ross

Dr. Rajaram stands with dignitaries to receive his award.

Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram is pictured on the far right, with Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi in the center of photo.

On 9 January 2015, Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram, the India-born plant scientist who led wheat breeding research at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) based in Mexico for more than three decades, received the Pravasi Bharatiya Samman award in Gandhinagar, India. The award, presented by Honorable H.E. Hamid Ansari, Vice President of India, is the highest honor conferred on overseas Indians.

India’s Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi, praised the diaspora for putting India on the global map. “The whole world admires the Indian community not due to the money but the values they live with,” he said.

The event marks the 100th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi’s return to India from South Africa. Only one other Mexican citizen of Indian ancestry received the award in the past decade: Dr. Rasik Vihari Joshi, who received the award for his contributions to literature in 2013.

The Union Home Minister Mr. Rajnath Singh attended the event. He praised the contributions of the Indian diaspora at the award celebration, saying India is proud of them and they are an example of India’s indomitable spirit.

Last year, Dr. Rajaram received the World Food Prize for his contribution in increasing global wheat production by more than 200 million tons in the years following the Green Revolution. His improved varieties increased the yield potential of wheat by 20 to 25 percent. Today, Rajaram’s wheats are grown on some 58 million hectares worldwide.

Dr. Rajaram is renowned for his generosity in sharing his expertise to support research and the development of technologies that have improved food security in India and globally. His accomplishments include training or mentoring more than 700 scientists from dozens of developing countries. This enabled Indian farmers to grow improved wheat varieties on some 8 million hectares, including India’s most popular wheat variety, PBW 343. He also led CIMMYT efforts to apply the concept of durable resistance to rust–the most damaging wheat disease worldwide

Pakistan Marks Borlaug’s 100th Birthday with Commemorative Stamp

Written by editor on . Posted in Achievements & Awards

Amina Nasim Khan and Mike Listman

Mr. Sikhandar Hayat Khan Bossan, Federal Minister for Food Security and Research, Pakistan, unveils a new stamp to commemorate the 100th birthday in 2014 of late wheat scientist and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Dr. Norman E. Borlaug.

Mr. Sikhandar Hayat Khan Bossan, Federal Minister for Food Security and Research, Pakistan, unveils a new stamp to commemorate the 100th birthday in 2014 of late wheat scientist and Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Dr. Norman E. Borlaug. Photo: Amina Khan/CIMMYT

Pakistan’s National Philatelic Bureau issued a commemorative postage stamp to honor the 100th birthday, last 25 March, of late wheat scientist and Nobel Peace Laureate, Dr. Norman E. Borlaug.

Pakistani researchers and policymakers were instrumental to the work of Borlaug and the Green Revolution in South Asia, said Imtiaz Muhammad, CIMMYT wheat scientist and country representative in Pakistan, speaking at a 22 December unveiling ceremony.

Pakistan breeders have sown and returned data on CIMMYT international maize and wheat trials for more than four decades, and over 150 Pakistani wheat specialists have participated in training courses at CIMMYT.

Held at the National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Islamabad, the unveiling was organized by CIMMYT, the Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and drew more than 50 participants, including agricultural scientists, media representatives and staff of Pakistan’s Ministry of National Food Security and Research (MNFSR).

The Federal Minister for Food Security and Research, Mr. Sikhandar Hayat Khan Bossan, formally unveiled the stamp. Speakers included Dr. Iftikhar Ahmed, Chairman of PARC, Dr. Shahid Masood, PARC plant scientist,and Mr. Seerat Asghar, Federal Secretary for National Food Security and Research. Thomas A. Lumpkin, CIMMYT director general, and Ronnie Coffman, vice-chair of the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI), addressed the audience through video messages.

Through a personal message read during the ceremony, Jeanie Borlaug Laube, daughter of Norman Borlaug and BGRI chair, thanked the Pakistan government. I know my father would be very proud to be on a stamp in Pakistan, she said.

Central American Agriculture and Livestock Council Signs Agreement with CIMMYT

Written by editor on . Posted in Uncategorized

Mike Listman

Julio Calderón and Tom Lumpkin

Julio Calderón and Tom Lumpkin stop for a photo as they tour the CIMMYT campus. Photos: Xochiquetzal Fonseca

At El Batán, Mexico, on 03 December, Thomas A. Lumpkin, CIMMYT director general, signed a memorandum of understanding with Julio Calderón, Executive Secretary of the Central American Agriculture and Livestock Council (CAC), for shared work to strengthen the seed sector and to promote seed of improved crop varieties and relevant mechanization for small- and intermediate-scale farmers in the region.

The CIMMYT delegation provides a presentation for Calderón. From left to right: Felix San Vicente, Víctor López, Lumpkin, Calderón, Arturo Hinojosa and Isabel Peña.

The CIMMYT delegation provides a presentation for Calderón. From left to right: Felix San Vicente, Víctor López, Lumpkin, Calderón, Arturo Hinojosa and Isabel Peña.

Created in 1991, CAC is part of the Central American Integration System (SICA) established by Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama and helps to link agricultural with other key sectors and agencies, in benefit of farmers and rural inhabitants.

People posing for a photo

From left to right: Bram Govaerts, Calderón, Lumpkin and San Vicente pause for a photo.

Calderón and Lumpkin signing

Calderón and Lumpkin sign the memorandum of understanding.

Tottori University Students Visit CIMMYT

Written by editor on . Posted in Visits to CIMMYT

Jennifer Johnson

Students in the gene bank

Masahiro Kishii of CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program gives students a tour of the Wellhousen-Anderson Genetic Resources Center. Photos: Xochiquetzal Fonseca

A  group of 16 undergraduate students and three professors from the University of Tottori, Japan, visited CIMMYT on 26 November. The visit was the last stop of a three- month study visit to Mexico, which also included visits to the Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur (UABCS) and the Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste S.C. (CIBNOR).

The students began their visit with an overview of CIMMYT from Isabel Peña, Head of Institutional Relations-Latin America, followed by a meeting with Dr. Masahiro Kishii, a Japanese scientist formerly of Tottori University who now works in wheat cytogenetics in CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program. The group was then given a tour of the Wellhousen-Anderson Genetic Resources Center and the labs of the Biosciences Complex.

Students with machinery

Jelle Van Loon, leader of smart mechanization for CIMMYT’s conservation agriculture program in Mexico, teaches students about machinery development.

The day concluded with a visit to the Global Conservation Agriculture Program’s D5 demonstration plot, where the students learned about developments in machinery and post-harvest technology.

 

Isabel Peña, Head of Institutional Relations-Latin America, welcomes students to CIMMYT.

Isabel Peña, Head of Institutional Relations-Latin America, welcomes students to CIMMYT.

Heat-tolerant Maize for Asia Showcased at India-US Technology Summit

Written by editor on . Posted in Asia, Maize

Ms. Kiranmayi T. and Dr. K. Seetharam

Under the theme, “Innovation in Agriculture,” updates and products of CIMMYT’s Heat-tolerant Maize for Asia (HTMA) project were displayed at the 20th India-US Technology Summit on 18-19 November in New Delhi. The summit was a high- profile event aimed showcasing the strong partnership and collaboration between India and the USA in science, technology, and innovation.

People looking at a maize display

Ms. Kiranmayi T. explains HTMA products to Government of India officials. Photo: K. Seetharam/CIMMYT

The summit was jointly organized by the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), the Indian Department of Science & Technology (DST) and the U.S. Department of State, the Indo-U.S. Science Technology Forum, U.S.-India Business Council and USAID. The event provided a unique platform for industries, institutions and government agencies from India and the United States to exchange ideas and showcase their expertise, forge new partnerships to increase trade and investment in the knowledge sector and bring together leaders from government, industry, research, and academia for high-level policy discussions.

HTMA was represented at the summit with a display, which included an informative poster highlighting up-to- date progress and maize cob samples of newly developed, heat-stress-tolerant hybrids.

People discussing around a maize display

Dr. P.H. Zaidi discusses the HTMA project with the U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs and USAID-India Officials. Photo: K. Seetharam/ CIMMYT

Charles H. Rivkin, US assistant secretary of state for Economic and Business Affairs, visited HTMA’s display accompanied by USAID- India officials Dr. Srivalli Krishnan, project management specialist (Climate Adaptation), Food Security Office and Dr. Sheila E. Desai, senior science and technology advisor, Centre for Innovations and Partnerships. P.H. Zaidi, HTMA project leader, welcomed the delegates and discussed the main features of the project and progress to date. The visitors were impressed with the hybrid heat-tolerant maize they saw and noted the project’s progress in the past two years. Rivnik asked about the HTMA deployment plan and suggested evaluating heat-tolerant hybrids for use by the poultry industry. Desai commented: “Everyone who saw the poster (and the corn cob exhibit) comparing the heat-stressed and tolerant corn remarked on how impressive it is. You’ve got a winning image with that.”

Many other U.S. officials and representatives of India’s ministries visited the exhibit. Ms. Kiranmayi T. and Dr. K. Seetharam from CIMMYT-Hyderabad attended most of the visitors including students, exhibitors, entrepreneurs, seed companies and the general public.

Pakistan: Maize Needed for Marginal Areas

Written by editor on . Posted in Asia, Maize

AbduRahman Beshir

Farmers in the farthest reaches of Pakistan need access to white- grained maize, according to Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad, chairman of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC). “There is a good progress in the productivity of yellow maize varieties in the areas of Punjab and KPK provinces,” Ahmad said, “but we need white maize varieties to reach farmers in the marginal areas of KPK, Sindh, Balochistan and Gilgit Baltistan provinces.”

A meeting

From left to right: Shahid Masood, Md. Imtiaz, Iftikhar Ahmad and AbduRahman Beshir.

Speaking at the first National Maize Workshop-Annual Progress Review of Pakistan, held in Islamabad during 19-20 November, Ahmad also mentioned the importance of public-private partnerships to reduce the cost to farmers of hybrid seed, which is more expensive in Pakistan than elsewhere in South Asia.

There is good progress in the productivity of yellow maize varieties in the areas of Punjab and KPK provinces, but we need white maize varieties to reach farmers in the marginal areas of KPK, Sindh, Balochistan and Gilgit Baltistan provinces.” –Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad Chairman of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC).

Dr. Beshir explains the traits of yellow maize at NARC, Islamabad.

Dr. Beshir explains the traits of yellow maize at NARC, Islamabad.

Jointly organized by PARC and CIMMYT, the workshop was an activity of the Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP) for Pakistan and its 50 participants represented public and private maize research and development institutions, local and multinational seed companies, higher learning institutions, and departments of extension and food processors from all provinces of Pakistan.

Dr. Md. Imtiaz, project leader of AIP, highlighted the role of CIMMYT in enhancing local capacity and requested the full collaboration of national institutions.

During the concluding session, Dr. Shahid Masood, Member of Plant Science and AIP focal person at PARC, mentioned the importance of deploying biofortified and specialty maize, providing farmers with agronomy training, diversifying maize uses and developing and deploying dual purpose maize for food and feed.

The workshop was followed by a field visit to the National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), where participants saw the performance of AIP-maize varieties and lines from CIMMYT breeding programs in Colombia, Mexico and Zimbabwe.

Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad, PARC Chairman, addresses participants.

Dr. Iftikhar Ahmad, PARC Chairman, addresses participants.

AbduRahman Beshir, CIMMYT maize improvement and seed systems specialists, said the event helped to define shared objectives for AIP-maize partners and a common goal to work towards and helped CIMMYT to reactivate maize research and development activities in Pakistan. Finally, partners discussed “seed road maps” that describe and illustrate varietal release pathways and seed production targets.

Training to Fill Gaps in Ethiopia’s Maize Seed System

Written by editor on . Posted in Africa, Maize

Seifu Mahifere

The Nutritious Maize for Ethiopia (NuME) project recently organized a three-day training workshop on quality protein maize (QPM) seed production and quality control, as part of the project’s activities to enhance QPM seed production. There were 26 participants, including 2 women, from seed companies, farmer cooperative unions, the Ministry of Agriculture, seed laboratories, research institutes and universities. The workshop was facilitated by CIMMYT experts working in eastern Africa.

Opening the event, Dr. Dagnachew Beyene, advisor to the State Minister of Agriculture, said the workshop was very timely. “The expansion of the Ethiopian seed system is constrained by a shortage of skilled professionals,” he said.

A meeting

Regasa Mosisa, maize seed specialist-CIMMYT Nairobi, facilitaties one of the sessions. Photo: Seifu Mahifere.

Developed over two decades of meticulous breeding from the late 1970s to the early 1990s, QPM contains enhanced levels of amino acids used for protein synthesis in humans and farm animals such as pigs and poultry. Nutritional studies have shown that it can improve the nutrition of people whose diets are highly- dependent on maize, especially young children. Major topics covered included maize variety development, maize seed research and field management for QPM seed production, maintenance of QPM inbred parent lines and open-pollinated varieties, as well post-harvest handling techniques for QPM.

The training also dealt at length with creating communication links between seed companies, customers and farmers and planning and developing seed production, marketing and financial strategies to promote of QPM seeds.

Addressing the participants at the conclusion of the training, the Crops Research Director of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Dr. Asnake Fikre, stated that efforts need to be made to sustain QPM production in Ethiopia, because maize is the most produced cereal and a critical crop for food security in the country.

Asnake also noted that “in the transition to food security in the country, nutritional security is a critical concern and the crop sector in Ethiopia should work hard to sustain the QPM value chain by advocating its nutritional and agronomic benefits and creating demand for the production and use of QPM.” The added that NuME’s important work on QPM needs to be effectively backed up by multi-sectorial engagement and cooperation.

In their feedback, participants said the workshop had been timely, well-organized and valuable. They suggested that future such events include practical sessions and interaction with farmers. Typical remarks included statements that “strengthening of QPM and advocacy issues need to be consistent in promoting QPM until it reaches cutting-edge stage.”

NuME is implemented by CIMMYT in Ethiopia and funded by the Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development of Canada (DFATD). It is designed to help improve the food and nutritional security of Ethiopia’s rural population, especially women and children, through the adoption of QPM varieties and crop management practices that increase farm productivity.

Student Reflection: Visit to CIMMYT-Hyderabad, India

Written by editor on . Posted in Maize

Kartik Krothapalli and P.H. Zaidi

Three Purdue University graduate students, Ryan Gibson, Brad Thada and Rajdeep Singh Khangura, recently received training as part of the Heat Tolerant Maize for Asia (HTMA) project funded by USAID-Feed the Future and which aims to develop heat resilient maize for heat stress-prone ecologies in tropics.

Photo of group

Thada (far right) and Gibson (fourth from right) with CIMMYT-Hyderabad field-staff. Photo: Do Van Dung, Ph Student

The CIMMYT-Asia research station in Hyderabad, India, provides an ideal environment to evaluate maize genotypes for heat stress tolerance. Temperatures regularly reach 40°C or higher and the relative humidity is usually below 30 percent during maize flowering and grain filling. Additionally, the CIMMYT facilities in Hyderabad provide an excellent laboratory environment for studying the basis of heat stress-tolerance in maize.

On his second trip to the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) campus in Hyderabad, India, Gibson split his time on campus attending a statistics and genomics training course, collecting maize leaf samples in the field under the sweltering Indian summer sun and extracting leaf lipids from the collected samples in the lab.

For Thada, a graduate student studying thermal adaptation in maize, visiting the ICRISAT campus was “priceless” as he could “see first-hand the effects of heat on the maize trials we had planted there.” Originally from Indiana, U.S.A., where summer temperatures are mild compared to Hyderabad, Thada said this training was his first solo experience outside of his home country. In his words:

“I traveled to India to work on the HTMA project and collect data for my dissertation research. Having never traveled internationally alone or to Asia at all, I was both excited and a little nervous to land in Hyderabad, with only my clothes, sun screen and the promise that a driver would pick me up at the airport. I was greeted warmly by everyone I encountered during my month-long stay. Not only did my nervousness dissipate, but I grew to enjoy both the people and the culture of India. It was an amazing opportunity to work alongside the CIMMYT-Asia staff as a graduate student studying thermal adaptation in maize.

Student in lab

Thada working in the CIMMYT-Hyderabad lab. Photos: Do Van Dung, Ph Student

“Throughout the month of my stay, I enjoyed developing both professional and personal relationships while attending a statistics and genomics training course, working both in the field and the lab, exploring Hyderabad and enjoying the local food. I even had my first ride on a motorcycle, a staple of Indian transportation. I will not forget the beautiful country and wonderful people that made my trip memorable.

“I’m very grateful to my advisor Mitch Tuinstra, professor of plant breeding at Purdue University, for giving me this opportunity. I would like to thank P.H. Zaidi, Raman Babu, molecular, and Kartikeya Krothapalli, for all their help in getting me to Hyderabad and making my stay as productive and educational as possible. I would also like to thank M.T. Vinayan, Vishwanath, and Kiran for all their help and for smoothing out all the bumps that come when such different cultures merge.”

HTMA is a Public- Private-Partnership (PPP) involving active collaboration of CIMMYT, Purdue and private partners, along with the national agricultural research system of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Bangladesh, to develop robust hybrids with the help of seed companies in the region.

This was the second visit to the ICRISAT campus for Khangura, who comes from the agrarian Indian state of Punjab (the first was in 2010 as a B.Sc. student at Punjab Agricultural University). He said his first trip left him with a desire to work with CGIAR centers because of their non-profit nature and attitude to serve humanity:

Student in lab

Khangura working at CIMMYT-Hyderabad lab.

“I am a second year graduate student at Purdue University and one of five graduate students who are involved in the HTMA project. Being originally from Punjab and son of a farmer, agriculture is what I learnt since childhood. Wheat-rice is the major crop rotation in Punjab but spring maize production is increasing and fits very well into  most crop rotation practices in South Asia. With the increase in the average global temperatures, the maize growing regions of South Asia are vulnerable to decline in the yields. The development of superior maize hybrids that can tolerate high temperature stress promises a better future for maize in the tropical belt.

“I heard about the hard work of the CIMMYT-Asia team many times but on this trip I had an opportunity to experience the excitement of the maize breeding program. On this visit, I worked with the CIMMYT team to process laboratory samples collected as part of the HTMA project. This was excellent opportunity to work with CIMMYT scientists, post-doctoral fellows, research assistants, and technicians. We got a lot of work accomplished as the work ambience was not just stress free but energizing. The tireless work and absolute commitment of the CIMMYT team to science was inspiring.”

Reaching Out to Smallholder Farmers in Pakistan

Written by editor on . Posted in Asia

Krishna Dev Joshi

CIMMYT entered an important new partnership with Pakistan’s National Rural Support Program (NRSP) on 7 November 2014 for wheat varietal evaluation, promotion and deployment, as well as on-farm agronomic interventions and community-based seed production enterprises.

A not-for-profit development organization established in 1991 that fosters a countrywide network of more than 200,000 grassroots organizations across 56 districts, NRSP enables rural communities to plan, implement and manage development programs for employment, poverty alleviation and improved quality of life. Through direct linkages with some 400,000 smallholder farming families, the organization will help extend the reach of the CIMMYT- led Agricultural Innovation Program for Pakistan (AIP),  according to Dr. Rashid Bajwa, chief executive officer of NRSP. “We can now jointly scale out to a vast number of smallholders with average daily earnings of less than  two dollars a day,” Bajwa said, mentioning the organization’s activities like microfinance enterprise development.

Photo of a Pakistani family

The work of Pakistan’s National Rural Support Program benefits millions of small-scale farmers and landless families. Photo: Mike Listman/CIMMYT.

Aiming to Benefit the Disadvantaged

The partnership paves the way for a new and different kind of innovation platform focusing on smallholders, tenants and the landless, female-headed households and vulnerable groups such as flood victims, said Muhammad Imtiaz, CIMMYT liaison officer for Pakistan and AIP Chief of Party: “This will contribute directly to the Center’s mission of improving the food security and resilience of those most at risk, not to mention opening avenues for other AIP partners to join hands in testing and promoting appropriate agricultural innovations.”

Taking advantage of NRSP’s gender-responsive approach, the partnership will work directly with and seek to empower women farmers, identifying wheat varieties and technologies that help increase their food security and incomes. Work will identify, test and deploy high-yielding and rust resistant wheat varieties across 23 districts and include improved farming practices for diverse settings from rain-fed to fully-irrigated.

A major focus will be to develop community-based seed enterprises linked with NRSP, small seed companies, farmer associations and seed regulatory bodies, serving remote villages that have heretofore lacked access to improved varieties.

“This will contribute directly to the Center’s mission of improving the food security and resilience of those most at risk” –Muhammad Imtiaz CIMMYT liaison officer for Pakistan and AIP Chief of Party

A group photo

A group photo was taken at the NRSP inception meeting and staff training. Photo: Raja Zulfiqar Ali.

Getting Off on the Right Foot

A partnership inception meeting and staff training for NRSP were organized on 10 November in Islamabad, with 32 participants from NRSP and 11 from CIMMYT, including senior management from both the organizations, and with Malik Fateh Khan, NRSP Regional Manager, providing a welcome address.

Imtiaz Hussain, CIMMYT cropping systems agronomist, highlighted conservation agriculture technologies and their relevance for the partnership. Krishna Dev Joshi, CIMMYT wheat improvement specialist, discussed various types of varietal testing, including participatory varietal selection, mother-baby trials and on-farm demonstrations, to creating awareness and demand for improved seed among farmers. Three CIMMYT colleagues who also spoke at the event were: Shamim Akhter, AIP project manager; Amina Nasim Khan, communications specialist; and Ghazi Kamal, monitoring and evaluation specialist.

The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) edits and publishes an internet periodical in blog format entitled “CIMMYT.” The International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center is domiciled at Km. 45 Carretera México-Veracruz, Col, el Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México, México, C.P. 56237; phone + 52 (55) 5804-2004; www.cimmyt.org. Responsible Editor: Genevieve Renard. Reserved Right for Exclusive Use granted by the Mexican Copyright Office (valid in Mexico) no. 04-2013-091212312700-203. Responsible for updating this blog: Carissa Wodehouse, communications officer, Km. 45 Carretera México -Veracruz, El Batán, Texcoco, Estado de México. C. P. 56150, México. Weekly update. © CIMMYT 2014.

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